Who are Referees and when are referees selected for matches?

Who are Referees? A referee is an official in charge of different sports and competition; he has the responsibility of enforcing the rules and regulations of any sport. This also include some sportsmanship
decisions such as ejection.

Who are Referees

The official with this responsibilities can go with any name depending on the sports he or she is in charge of, including umpire , judge , arbiter (chess), commissar, or technical official (by the International Olympic Committee ). Referees may be assisted by umpires, linesmen,
timekeepers, or touch judges.

Referees are expected to be assisted by umpires, linesmen timekeepers, or touch judges depending on the sports

In Football, a (soccer) match is presided over by a referee, who has the full backing of the Law of and he is being given the “full authority to enforce the Laws of the Game in connection with the match to which he has been appointed” (Law 5).

A Football referee is professionally assisted by two assistant referees, and- if it’s a professional match- a fourth official.
In Football, a referee is expected to carry with him or her a yellow card and a red card which is expected to be issued to a player with misconduct or to send-off a player.

These cards were introduced into the beautiful game by Ken Aston , a former chair of the FIFA
Refereeing Committee. As described by Law 5, these are the powers given to a referee:

Powers– He has the power to either stop, suspend, or terminate a Football game if there is any
infringements of the Laws by the players, fans or outside interference;

He/she has the power to stop a match if he feels a player is injured, and he is expected to hold the game until the player is removed from the field of play. This injured player is to return to the match after it has been restarted, and until the ball is out, he is not expected to resume play. He is to allow play to continue until the ball is out of play.

He or she is expected to take a disciplinary action against a player guilty of caution-able
and sending-off offenses.

Apart from the players, he is expected to take decision against the team officials who fail to conduct themselves in a sportsmanlike manner.

DUTIES( according to FIFA)

Enforcing the Laws of the Game;

controlling the match in co-operation with the assistant referees and, where applicable, with the fourth and other officials;

Ensuring that any ball used meets the requirements of Law 2;

Ensuring that the players’ equipment meets the requirements of Law 4;